The Correlation of Work Hours and Diabetes

According to the Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology journal, people who work more than 55 hours per week have a 30% increased risk of getting Type 2 Diabetes.

Some people would say that the solution is to reduce the number of hours that you work, but this can be very problematic for individuals in a lower socioeconomic class where they really need the income to support their family.

Diabetes assist say that eating a well balanced diet can certainty help reduce the risk of diabetes. Its all about the good right.

Fortunately, there are solutions to help people who have to work long hours. The most important thing is to understand the mechanism of Type 2 Diabetes and why people with long working hours are vulnerable to this chronic condition.

After a thorough understanding, we will be able to get a solid solution.

What is Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 Diabetes is a dysfunction of how the body controls the level of glucose in the blood. If the body senses that there is a high amount of glucose in the blood, it will signal the pancreas to release insulin to lower the level of glucose.

In Type 2 Diabetes, the insulin does not respond very well to the body’s signal. Its high resistance and low sensitivity cause it to ignore the levels of glucose in the blood. It will not perform its proper function, leading to high blood sugar levels, which translates to Type 2 Diabetes.

The ultimate question is how does the insulin loses its function or stops responding? If we continuously eat fatty food and reduce our daily activity, the body will constantly signal insulin to come out to regulate the glucose level. After the constant amount of signaling, our insulin builds up a tolerance and eventually stops responding. This can eventually lead to an impaired glucose regulation that requires a healthy diet and exercise to combat it.

What Are the Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes?

The symptoms of type two diabetes are:

  • Frequent urination
  • Increased thirst
  • Fatigue
  • Increase hunger
  • Slow-healing sores
  • Blurry vision
  • Numbness or tingling
  • Frequent infection
  • Darken skin

Why Working Long Hours Increases The Risk for Type 2 Diabetes?

On average, people working over 40 hours a week may experience an increased risk of developing diabetes. This is mainly because long working hours can cause a high level of stress, which increases the level of cortisol. High levels of cortisol can negatively impact insulin levels and function, limiting its ability to break down glucose.

In addition to that, high stress can interfere with the quality and quantity of sleep, which can be detrimental to an individual’s mental health. The sleep problems can contribute to weight gain and reduce insulin sensitivity that can progress to diabetes.

Another issue about people working long hours is poor lifestyle habits. Because these individuals are constantly working, they are more likely to sit at a desk all day staring at a computer with barely any physical activity. In addition to that, the food choices are usually fast food or something unhealthy because it’s more affordable and convenient.

Overtime, these horrible lifestyle choices can lead to weight gain, fatigue, and Type 2 Diabetes.

How to Reduce The Risk of Diabetes at Work?

Understandably, our jobs can be demanding and require constant work and attention. However, a healthy lifestyle regime during these long hours can help reduce the progression to diabetes.

If you are constantly sitting on a chair and staring at a computer, it’s best to invest in a standing desk or treadmill desk to keep your body active during work. You can also set an alarm clock to remind you to take a 30-minute walk in the park between work. Constant body movement and activity can increase your metabolism and keep your insulin healthy, so it continues to regulate blood sugar levels properly. Plus, these mini workouts at work can release endorphins to lower your stress level, so you are more relaxed and can concentrate better.

As for food choices, it’s highly recommended to consider a low carbohydrate, low-fat, and low sugar diet. Taking the initiative to prep your lunch and dinner at work can have a positive impact on your health. You can also have fruits, vegetables, nuts, and other healthy snacks on your desk if you get hungry during work.

Taking action on living a healthy lifestyle can improve your mental health, productivity, mood, and reduce your risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes.

Final Thoughts

You can’t tell your boss to reduce your working hours because that could terminate your position or lower your income. Fortunately, by understanding how our body regulates glucose and how Type 2 Diabetes is formed, we are on the right track to creating a solution to reduce the risk.

If anything, multitasking with both work and practicing healthy lifestyle activities, such as taking a 30-60 minute walk in the park, eating healthy, or investing in a standing desk, can be a game-changer.

So what are you waiting for? Next time, you have to invest in a 40-hour week schedule; why not consider our strategies in this article.

Australian Civic Projects To watch out

As the lockdowns slowly start easing up in the majority of Australian states and territories, the growing construction industry looks forward to where all of the major work is going to be. Currently, the largest Australian infrastructure projects include:

  • The $8.5 Billion. Bruce Highway Upgrade Program (QLD)
  • The $9.3 Billion. Melbourne to Brisbane Inland Rail (National)
  • The $11 Billion.Melbourne Metro Tunnel (VIC),
  • The $12 Billion. Sydney Metro (NSW),
  • The $16 Billion WestConnex (NSW),
  • The $6.8 Billion West Gate Tunnel (VIC),

Here’s some basic background info about several of them:

The Melbourne Metro Tunnel (VIC)

The Metro Tunnel project at a cost of US $11 billion involves the construction of two rail tunnels at nine-kilometres each, starting from the west side of Melbourne and heading southeast. This project will be an integral part of the new line from Sunbury to Cranbourne/Pakenham as well as five new stations that will run underground, namely:

~ Arden Station,

~ Parkville (underneath Grattan St),

~ State Library (north end – Swanston Street),

~ Town Hall (south end – Swanston Street),

~ Anzac (under the Domain Interchange at St Kilda Rd),

The two stations that will be running under Swanston Street will directly connect to the City Loop at both the Flinders Street and Melbourne Central stations. They will help with untangling the city loop, allowing more trains to continue running more often all over Melbourne.

This tunnel will also be creating a new and greatly improved end-to-end rail line that will span from Sunbury (to the west) all the way to Cranbourne/Pakenham (in the southeast), offering both high-capacity trains and a total of five new stations running underground. It will also be creating higher capacity on the network for enabling better than 500,000 additional passengers weekly across the train network of Melbourne during peak periods of use.

Get the update on Australian projects happening. Some pretty cool things happening and creating more jobs for our country.


The Sydney Metro (NSW)

The Sydney Metro is actually Australia’s largest public transport project with a price tag of US $12 billion. From the northwest, the metro rail system is being extended under Sydney Harbour, then through the new underground city stations, and beyond to the southwest.

On 19 December 2018, Metro was granted planning approval for upgrading the T3 Bankstown Line that runs from Sydenham and Bankstown to meet the metro standards. By 2024, customers will be benefiting from a brand new air conditioned Sydney Metro train running every four minutes during peak hours and traveling in each direction. It will also be complete with level platforms, lifts, and special platform safety screen doors that will also improve accessibility and increase security.

By the year 2024, Sydney will have a total of 31 metro railway stations along with a standalone metro rail system that spans 66 kilometres and will revolutionise the way the citizens of Australia’s largest city travel.


The Bruce Highway Upgrade Program (QLD)

This the most massive road infrastructure program that Queensland has ever seen. Its main aim is the improvement of flood resilience and safety, as well as an increase in capacity along the breadth and length of the highway that runs from Brisbane to Cairns.

The program started on 1 July 2013, and was initially developed as a 10-year US $8.5 billion commitment. It was jointly funded by both the Queensland and the Australian governments. And, in May 2018, the government of Australia committed another US $3.3 billion (based upon an 80:20 funding arrangement) in addition to the already existing US $6.7 billion commitment.

In addition, the government of Queensland committed to another US $200 million each year (based upon an 80:20 funding arrangement) for upgrading the Bruce Highway on top of their previous commitment in the amount of US $1.8 billion. So, the grand total that the program will deliver comes to US $12.6 billion over 15-years (2013 to 2028).

By March 2019, 22 major projects were completed under this program including delivering the following:


51 bridges


27 new rest stops


122 kilometres of safer roadsides


154 kilometre-wide centreline treatments


Boundary road interchange upgrades completed 6 months ahead of schedule

The program is also responsible for boosting employment opportunities and supporting regional economic growth in Queensland. It began on 1 July 2013, and includes a rolling upgrade project program that runs up and down the highway. The planned completion is currently scheduled for June 2028.

Topic – Australian construction projects

Currently, construction projects of all sizes abound in Australia. But, of special interest to most observers are the really large infrastructure projects. One such project is the WestConnex (NSW) that will link both the areas of Western and South Western Sydney with cities, ports, and airports along a 33 kilometer continuous motorway. This particular project is Australia’s largest infrastructure project and sports a US $16 billion price tag..

WestConnex (NSW) Benefits

WestConnex will provide a wide range of key benefits for Australians, including:

~ A reduction of traffic on the local streets,

~ The creation of new urban renewal opportunities,

~ Moving heavy vehicles and other traffic to underground motorways,

~ Improvements in motorway access and better connections to Western Sydney.

~ Connections to the city’s key employment hubs,

~ Motorists’ ability to bypass as many as 52 traffic signals between Beverly Hills and Parramatta.

~ Linking Greater Sydney to the international gateways at both Port Botany and Sydney Airport, as well as future projects like the F6 extension, the Western Harbour Tunnel, and the BeachesLink.


Melbourne to Brisbane Inland Rail (National)

The Inland Rail project will run US $9.3 billion to complete and is considered to be a “once-in-a-generation project”. It is expected to not only enhance the local and national supply chains but also to bring about the completion of the virtual foundation of Australia’s freight network. This project will accomplish that via a new and improved transit time of less than 24 hours for freight trains running from Melbourne to Brisbane by way of regional Victoria, Queensland, and New South Wales.

This construction project was designed for transforming the way that Australians are moving freight all over the country. It will be more efficiently connecting regional Australia to all markets, while also delivering substantial financial savings for consumers and producers alike, and providing other very significant economic benefits.

It’s made up of 13 individual projects that span over 1,700 km, making it the biggest infrastructure project that involves freight rail in all of Australia. On top of that, it’s also one of the most significant infrastructure projects worldwide.


West Gate Tunnel (VIC)

The West Gate Tunnel Project is so much more than a road. It will also be making Melbourne’s north and west a greatly improved place for living, working and playing. Construction is already underway for building this alternative to the West Gate Bridge.

Through a partnership with Transurban, the Victorian Government will be delivering the West Gate Tunnel Project, thereby giving the people of Melbourne another major freeway link between the city and the west. This will help them overcome many of Melbourne’s many transport challenges

Today, more than 200,000 vehicles every day are relying just on the West Gate Bridge, which means that any single incident could end up stopping all of the traffic. Another problem is that trucks in the west are forced into using the local roads just for getting to the Port. This new project will also effectively put an end to Melbourne having to rely on the West Gate Bridge with this new tunnel linking to the port, as well as CityLink and the City.

This US $6.8 billion project is being built by construction contractor John Holland and CPB Contractors and (CPBJH JV) and will soon be providing several options that are much needed in the area, including:

~ A second river crossing,

~ Safer and faster journeys,

~ The complete removal of many thousands of trucks from the once-quiet residential streets.

Project benefits

Everybody’s travel will be made much easier, which will


Give the local people the choice of taking either the bridge or the tunnel,


Get 9,000 trucks off of local streets,


Enable 24-hour truck bans on six of the local roads,


Provide a better connection of the Melbourne freeway network for helping both goods and people move around,


Offer better management of the traffic flow via smart technology


Provide more than 14 kilometres of new cycling and walking paths.

In addition, this project will aid in peoples’ better health and wellbeing as it will”


Improve the air quality while diminishing noise with the removal of trucks from the local streets,


Move the westbound tunnel exit much farther away from homes,


Provide new crossings over major roads and the West Gate Freeway,